Visual Motor and Visual Perception

What are Visual Motor Skills?
Visual Motor Skills enable an individual to process information around them. The ability to observe, recognize, and use visual information about forms, shapes, figures, and objects makes up our visual motor abilities. Visual motor skills include a coordination of visual information that is perceived and processed with motor skills, including fine motor, gross motor, and sensory motor.   

When an individual performs activities involving motor tasks, they are using visual motor skills.

Red flags for visual motor skill difficulties include:

  • Letter reversal
  • Poor line awareness in handwriting
  • Poor margin use in written work
  • Difficulty copying written work
  • Trouble recognizing patterns and completing hands-on math problems
  • Difficulty catching or kicking a ball
  • Trouble with movement games like hopscotch
  • Clumsiness 
  • Difficulty with sports
  • Difficulty drawing and copying pictures or shapes
  • Puzzles

Visual motor skills are made up of many areas related to vision and the ability to perceive sight with relation to movement of the hands and body in functional tasks.   

Visual perceptual skills make up an important component of visual motor skills. For children, these abilities are necessary for so many things...from self-care to fine motor skills, to gross motor skills...all parts of a rehabilitation program require visual perception. There are many pieces to the giant term of "visual perception".